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Top Soil
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Vertical Mulching
Expert Emergency Tree Service / Arborist
Tree Removals
New study predicts hotter summers
Clarke Middle School
Back To The Garden
Composting Food Residuals
Nordstroms Goes Green!
Athens Compost
Kim n Steve's Yard
Soil Respiration
Compacted Soils
Soil Erosion
Athens Academy Presentation
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Gardens We've Built
Tree Disease

See Our Work

New Construction Blues

We were called to this job, to look at a dying tree, that needed to be removed. What we found was a whole yard in stress.

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Front Yard

Clay over topsoil

Erosion, compacted soils and red clay subsoil, graded 4-5 inches over the topsoil. The rhizosphere was suffocating.

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Soil Erosion

Soil Erosion

The whole yard was covered in red clay. Right into the woods.

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Soil Erosion

Vertical Mulching

In most cases of poor soil respiration, the first thing we do is vertical mulching.

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Boring the holes

Vertical Mulching

After the hole is bored into the soil, we fill the hole with ¼ inch screened food compost.

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Food Compost

Vertical Mulching

Natural soils are full of life. What they need to survive is the same things we need. Oxygen, water, nutrients and carbon.

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Screened compost in hole

Exposed Soil

Every time it rained a river of red mud would flow into the woods. This added to the stress of some of the trees, by deepening the clay over their roots.

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Left Side Yard

Exposed Soils

A look up towards the back of the house.

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Left Side Back

Erosion and Sedimentation

The home owner had put limbs and logs in the path of the storm water to try and slow it down. It did very little to fix the problem.

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Sediment had been building up over the roots of many trees for months.

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Sediment Build Up

Exposed Soil

The grade of the property is not so steep. It was just impermeable. So the rain couldn’t soak in, it just ran off taking the soil with it.

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Impermeable Soil

Applying Mulch

A major landscape plan, was in the works for this yard. In the meantime, we covered the yard 4” deep in partially composted mulch. My son Brett McConnell helps spread the mulch.

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Brett Mulching


Storm water always follows the path of least resistance. The channeled areas will get a deeper layer of mulch.

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Front Yard


Ideally we would regrade the yard before applying the mulch. That would allow us to better control the flow of the storm water.

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Back Yard Left Side

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Wow the stone wall looks awesome!

The Stone Walls are finished. The Topsoil and Mulch are spread, starting to look good.

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Jumping Ahead

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I’ve got lots of pictures and text to fill in between this slide and the previous one. I just don’t have the time, yet. So as to not leave the job hanging in cyber space, here's a finish shot. More to come..


Kim Ledford is a Master Gardener! Thank you Kim for making my work look so good!

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